5 Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary
The term “vocabulary” depicts the knowledge about words and their meanings.
The vocabulary knowledge keeps growing broader and reaches deeper with time.
Acquiring vocabulary stems from indirect word exposure and with intentional follow-up with a particular word or word-learning tactics.
Every effective vocabulary program comprises of four components –
1. Improving vocabulary knowledge with broad and liberated reading.
2. Focus on particular words that can develop text comprehension.
3. Guidance toward independent word-learning strategies.
4. Motivate learning with a friendly experience through activities like word games that enrich vocabulary.
Parts in vocabulary guidance
The National Reading Panel pointed out that vocabulary education does not possess a single-research method.
The panel made use of different methods for proper vocabulary instructions.
1. Deliberate Vocabulary Teaching
A. Particular Word Guidance
1. Choose the teaching words.
2. Detailed instructions.
B. Tactics to Learn Words
1. Use a dictionary.
2. Morphemic Analysis
3. ELL or Cognate Awareness
4. Contextual Analysis
Deliberate vocabulary development is achievable by those pupils who are trained in particular words and similar word-learning tactics.
The construction of specific words needs to be potent enough to improve their word meaning vocabulary.
Learning vocabulary can be better achieved concerning enriched vocabulary contexts.
Since the ability to “define” a word indicates possessing previous knowledge about that word.
2. Nurturing Word Awareness
Nurturing word consciousness can make students focus their interests toward words. Such vocational awareness arises from the regular study.
Word games, researches on the history of word origins, or nourishing adept diction (skillful expression) can help sharpen word consciousness.
Playing with word games can initiate the interest of a child to keep learning new words.
3. Several disclosures on different perspectives
Different exposures to a meaning of a word can also enrich vocabulary learning.
It can help students to add new vocabulary knowledge to their old experiences.
A student has to refer to a particular word multiple times to stick it permanently in their long-term memories.
They can perceive a word from different angles.
Students need to face certain words in repeated ways on different occasions from multiple perspectives.
4. Incidental Vocabulary Learning
The majority proportion of the vocabulary portions comes to grasp with indirect word exposure.
Incidental vocabulary for students is possible by reading by themselves or paying heed to the words when someone is reading to them aloud.
They can also face enriching experiences in oral languages either at their school or in their home.
Long-term vocabulary enrichment can be sharpened with reading.
Continuous reading can expose students to certain unknown or unfamiliar words that they can add to their vocabulary.
5. Suitable Candidates
Most students lack the skills they need to speak English.
From 1979 till 2003, there was a 124 percent increase in the number of students who faced problems speaking English.
By 2003, there was a 2% increase in these people.